WELFARE state Social NEWS THE BEST AND MOST UP TO DATE COVERAGE Tuesday October, What is the Welfare State? What categories of citizens are entitled to social payments? What benefits are the citizens of Russia entitled to? Advantages and disadvantages of the medical system How do elderly people live? What could you buy for your salary? What benefits are the jobless in France, Germany and Russia entitled to?
Categories of citizens which are entitled to social payments. When people work they must pay contributions to the National Insurance fund. Contributions are also made by the employer and the Government. National Insurance benefits are available to the unemployed the sick and the retired. The disabled are also provided with financial help. Financial help is also available to the widowed. Every child is entitled to a child benefit, whatever the parents income maybe. Social Security covers a wide range of payments, mainly to people who do not qualify for National Insurance payments. The main social groups who claim social security benefits are: single parents, the long-term unemployed, and pensioners whose pension is too low. People in full-time work whose earnings are below a certain level can claim benefits, too.
There are a few payments, which are paid to the different categories of people in Russia. Women have a right to a pension at the age of 55 and men at 65. Women who leave work to have a baby have a right to ask a maternity allowance from the government. There are allowances paid to elderly people.Retired people can get a salary or a wage and still receive their pension in full. A wide range of other payments exist. For example, a child allowance is a small monthly payment for each child, usually paid directly to mothers. People who do not work have the right to a monthly payment,too. Scholarships are paid to young people,college and higher school students, if they do not pay money for their education. People who are disabled can receive an invalidity pension. Widows can get payments for their husbands who died.
State pension:1800 rubles World War ΙΙ Invalids: 1)Retirement pension + invalidity pension. 2)50% reduced payments for housing, telephone and public utilities. 3)Free medical care, wheelchairs, OKA cars and petrol at a discount. Free accommodation in a health resort. 4)Free return passage by sea, by air or by railroad once a year. 5)Housing,telephone,ets. Without going on waiting list. 6)Free of charge assistance about the house for a certain group of people with disabilities.
CountryEligibilityCompensationDuration of benefits FranceMust have worked at least 91 day in past 12 months; must be seeking work. 57,4% of salary. The sum is gradually reduced until time limit is reached. For a person under 50: up to 30 months. For a person over 50: up to 45 months. RussiaMust have worked at least 11 months. It depends on ones own average salary. First 3 months – 75%;next 4 months – 60%, after that – 45%+10% on every dependable family member. After year – minimal average salary. GermanyMust have worked at least 12 months in the last three years; must be seeking work. First months: 60-67% of pay- check. After: % (depending on family size). Continues indefinitely. Changes to pension after a person turns 65.
Advantages and disadvantages of the medical system of the Great Britain, The USA and Russia CountriesAdvantagesDisadvantages Great BritainHealth care system is public People have to wait to be operated for years The USASome Free or low cost care is provided for those who cannot pay Health care is not free RussiaHealth care is public and free Shortage of money. Lack of equipment
How do Welfare State operate in different countries Great BritainThe USARussia Social benefits State pension,widows pension,maternity pay,child benefit, unemployment benefit,family credit,invalidity pension,mobility allowance Health Care Service Public Not free Public Categori es of citizens receivin g benefits The unemployed,the sick,the retired,the widowed,children,single parents
What could you buy for your salary? The salary is about 10, 000 rubles