An involute is a curve that is traced by a point on a taut cord unwinding from a circle or regular polygon, which is called a base or (plane figures for part of this unit which includes a line, triangle, square, hexagon) The involute is a form of spiral, the curvature of which becomes straighter as it is drawn from a base circle and becomes a straight line at infinity. An involute drawn from a small base circle is more curved than one drawn from a larger base circle.involute
The involute of a circle has a property that makes it important to the gear industry: if the teeth of two mating gears have the shape of an involute, their relative rates of rotation are constant while the teeth are engaged. With teeth of other shapes, the relative speeds rise and fall as successive teeth engage, resulting in vibration, noise, and excessive wear. For this reason, nearly all modern gear teeth bear the involute shape. gear
The Involute Curve. There is another approach used to simulate rolling action. Consider what happens when you place one end of a straight line (with a length equal to half the circumference of the circle) on the perimeter of a circle and then rotate that line around the perimeter of the circle until the other end touches the perimeter of the circle. If you observe what happens to the end of the line, you will see how it moves away from the circle. If you trace a line along the path taken by the end of the straight line as it rolls around the circle, the result is an Involute Curve
Involute of a straight line Step 1. Extend line AB as shown. Step 2. With centre B and radius AB draw a semi-circle. Step 3. With Centre A and radius AC draw the second semi-circle. Step 4. With centre B and radius BD draw another semi-circle. Step 5. Darken the three semi- circles to give the involute of the straight line.
Involute of a Triangle Step 1. Extend lines BC, AB and CA as shown. Step 2. With centre C and radius AC strike an arc to intersect line BC. Step 3. Repeat the step at points B and A. Step 4. Darken the involute.
HOW IS THE INVOLUTE OF A CIRCLE USED TO PRODUCE GEAR TEETH An animated path of an involute of a circle Five points showing the trace of the involute which is in fact the construction of a gear tooth. The movement of a mating gear tooth.