Условные предложения Френдак Галина Емельяновна, учитель английского языка МБОУ Копьёвская СОШ. - презентация
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Презентация на тему: " Условные предложения Френдак Галина Емельяновна, учитель английского языка МБОУ Копьёвская СОШ." — Транскрипт:
Условные предложения Френдак Галина Емельяновна, учитель английского языка МБОУ Копьёвская СОШ
Изъявительное наклонение Все действия реальны. If clauseMain clause If + Present tenseWill + infinitive If I paint a nice picture I will give it to you. Если я нарисую хорошую картину, я отдам ее тебе.
Наречия в начале придаточного предложения If – если When – когда Unless – если не As soon as – как только Before – до того как After – после того как As long as – до тех пор пока Until – пока не
Сослагательное наклонение Subjunctive Mood I Действия могли бы произойти сегодня или завтра. If clauseMain clause If + Past SimpleWould + infinitive If I had enough money I would buy a car. Если бы у меня было достаточно денег, я я бы купил машину.
If clauseMain clause If I were …Would + infinitive If I were you, I would go to the hospital. На твоем месте я бы пошел в больницу. If I were your boss, I would make you do it now. Если бы я был твоим босом, я бы заставил тебя это сделать сейчас. Нереальное условие
Subjunctive Mood II Действия могли бы произойти вчера, но не произошли If clauseMain clause If Past PerfectWould have + Perfect Infinitive If I hadnt forgotten to wind up the alarm clock, I wouldnt have been late for school
Subjunctive Mood III Несостоявшееся событие If clauseMain clause If PastWould + Perfect Infinitive If + Past PerfectWould + infinitive If I had studied hard, I would have passed the exams.
1.If you (to love) nature you never ( to throw) litter outdoors. 2.If I (to get up) late I usually (to have) a headache. 3. If you (not to eat) long you (to get) weak. 4.If you (to boil) ice it (to melt) and (to turn) into water. 5.When you (to speak) your vocal chords (to vibrate). 6.When a storm (to begin) people ( to shelter) in their homes. Раскройте скобки 1
1.If we (to walk) to the park we (to feed) some birds there. 2.If they (to go) to the disco they (to listen) to loud music. 3.If I (to go) to the theatre I (to watch) an interesting play. 4.If you (to study) hard you (to pass) this exam. 5. If you (to wear) these trousers you (to look) a bit strange. 6.If you (to play) this composition your guests (be pleased). 7.If David (to forget) his umbrella I (to give) him mine. 8.If the sun (to shine) all day we (to go) to the beach. 9.If he (to have) a temperature he (to see) the doctor. Раскройте скобки 2
1.If I (to see) Mary, I would (to be) really glad to meet her. 2.If Rachael (to be) rich, she (to study) at a foreign college. 3.If it (to snow) now, it (to be) really difficult to get to the country for us. 4.If somebody (to rob) your house, what (to do) you? 5.If I ever (to get) married, I (to do) it only of love. 6.If I (to have) enough money, I (buy) a country cottage. Раскройте скобки 3
1.If he (to study) harder, he (to pass) his test better then. 2.If we (to begin) the work earlier, we (to have) more time. 3.Lena (to buy) the milk if she (forget) about it. 4.They (not to get) into that accident if Jim (not to drive ) so fast. 5.The dogs(to get out) if the door (to be) locked. 6.If Jenny (to ask) me about the matter I (to answer) all her questions. 7.I (to call) the police if I (to see) those robbers again Раскройте скобки 4
1.If I were you, I would tell him about their plan. 2.If he had come yesterday, we would have met him. 3.If this story were not interesting, I wouldn`t read it! 4.If we had come a minute later, we would not have seen the matter. 5.If it rains hard for a long time water will run along the streets. 6.If I have some free time I will call on you. Определите тип наклонения 5
Образуйте условные предложения 1, 2 и 3 типов 1.If my friend (to come) to see me, I (to be) very glad. 2. If mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea party. 3. If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry). 4. If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) the examinations. 5. If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone. 6. If I (to live) in Moscow, I (to visit) the Tretyakov Gallery every year. 7. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go) to the Philharmonic. 8. If I (to live) near a wood, I (to gather) a lot of mushrooms. 9. If my father (to return) early, we (to watch) TV together. 10. If she (to know) English, she (to try) to enter the university.
1. If I (to see) John, I (to tell) him your news. 2. He (to be) very pleased if it (to be) really true. 3. If you (to go) to town on Monday, you (to meet) my brother Tom. 4. If you (to need) help, my father (to help) you. 5. We (to have) a picnic lunch if the day (to be) fine. 6. If you (to ask) a policeman, he (to tell) you the way. 7. I (to finish) the job tomorrow if I (to can). 8. I (not / to require) an umbrella if it( not / to rain). 9. If she (to think) it over carefully, she (to form) a clear opinion. Вставить глаголы, чтобы получилось реальное условие
Образуйте предложения If I go on a diet a. we'll make a snowman 2. If it's sunny tomorrow b. I'll buy you some chocolate 3. If John doesn't hurry c. she'll have to take a taxi 4. If it snows d. I'll lose weight 5. If there sre no buses e. he'll be late 6. If you are a good girl f. we'll go for a picnic
Fill in the gaps John Smith is in prison. How did it happen? If John (not / to oversleep), he (not / to be) late for work. If he (not / to be) late for work, his boss (not / to fire) him. If John (not / to lose) his job, he (not / to need) money and he (not / to rob) the bank. If he (not / to rob) the bank, the police (not / to arrest) him.
1. He is busy and does not come to see us. If The girl didn't study well last year and received bad marks. If He broke his bicycle and so he didn't go to the country. If He speaks English badly: he has no practice. If I had a bad headache yesterday, that's why I didn't come to see you. If The ship was sailing near the coast, that's why it struck a rock. If He was not in town, therefore he was not present at our meeting. If The pavement was so slippery that I fell and hurt my leg. If...
. 9. The sea is rough, and we cannot sail to the island. If They made a fire, and the frightened wolves ran away. If It is late, and I have to go home. If I was expecting my friend to come, that's why I couldn't go to the cinema with you. If He always gets top marks in mathematics because it is his favourite subject and he works a lot at it. If I didn't translate the article yesterday because I had no dictionary. If We lost our way because the night was pitch-dark. If The box was so heavy that I couldn't carry it. That's why I took a taxi. If....
1. The travellers had no camera with them, so they could not take photos of the beautiful scenery. If There was no sugar left, so we had to go to the shop late in the evening. If This house is very nice and comfortable, but it is not very good for living because it is situated close to a chemical plant and the air around is very bad. If He is an excellent specialist, but I can't ask his advice because I'm not acquainted with him. If You cannot enjoy this merry evening party because you have a toothache. If... Make up sentences
7. You did not ring me up, so I did not know you were in trouble. If You left the child alone in the room, so he hurt himself. If They spent a year in the tropics, so they got very sun- tanned. If It rained heavily, so we got drenched to the skin. If Why didn't you watch the cat? It ate all the fish. If A huge black cloud appeared from behind the forest, so we had to turn back and hurry home. If You know the material well enough, but you are very absent-minded, and that's why you always make many mistakes. If...
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