Pablo Picasso (1881 – 1973) Painter, Sculptor (1881 – 1973) Painter, Sculptor His full name - Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santisima Trinidad Ruiz Picasso.
Picasso was born October 25, 1881 in Málaga, Spain. His father was a painter and art professor. Pablo showed artistic talent from a very early age. At age 13, his father convinced the school of fine arts to take him on as a student and rented him a room so that he could have somewhere he could be alone to paint.
After studying at the best art school in Spain, Picasso traveled to Paris. He stayed there and lived among a group of fellow artists, poets and writers. He was very poor. In 1905, he became a favorite of an influential american art patron living in Paris, Gertrude Stein. She help start his career. Portrait of Gertrude Stein (1906) Family of Saltibanques (1905)
Picasso lived through World War I, the Spanish Civil War, and World War II, refusing to fight for any side or country. Picasso had many relationships over his lifetime with different womens and had four children. Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (1910)
Picassos work is sorted into periods. His Blue Period is full of sad, serious paintings mostly he used blues and greens. The figures in these paintings look thin and hungry. Femme aux Bras Croisés (1902) The Old Guitarist (1903)
Guernica (1937) One of Picassos most famous paintings, this one represents the German bombing of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. It was a statement about the brutality and hopelessness of war.
Chicago Picasso (1967) Picasso was also a sculptor. In the mid 1960s, he was hired to create a huge (50 foot high) public sculpture to be built in Chicago.
Picasso was hugely successful during his long career, earning enough money to live very well and being a celebrity. He also had a film career, appearing in several films. He always played himself. Pablo Picasso died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins. Picasso was an extremely prolific artist, creating 1,885 paintings, 1,228 sculptures, 2,880 ceramics, about 12,000 drawings.
There are painters who transform the sun to a yellow spot, but there are others who with the help of their art and their intelligence, transform a yellow spot into the sun – Pablo Picasso
Picassos paintings are housed in the Museum Picasso in Paris. Several paintings by Picasso rank as the most expensive paintings in the world, selling for over $100 million. 550 of his works are listed as missing. Museum Picasso, Paris