October 8, 1600 adopted a constitution. During the First World War, the Republic of San Marino has become an ally of the Entente. During the Second World War, the republic declared its neutrality, but it did not save her from a two-week occupation. In 1951, the government of San Marino made the decision to open a casino and build a powerful television and radio station. Italy protested and announced a blockade of San Marino. Small state had to give.
The Parliament Building Political parties in San Marino The San Marino Christian Democratic Party (SMHDP) - founded in 1945; The San Marino Socialist Party (SMSP) - founded in 1986; The Democratic Party - formed as a result of the conversion in April 1990 in San Marino Communist Party; San Marino, the Communist Party of Revival; The San Marino National Alliance; People's Alliance in San Marino Democrats.
The territory of San Marino is divided into 9 regions, which are called "Castelli» (castelli; letters. "Fortress tower"): Akkvaviva Borgo Maggiore Domagnano Chiesanuova Monte Giardino San Marino Serravalle Faetano Fiorentino
The area of the country is km ². The country is located in the south- western slope of the three-headed mountain massif of Monte Titano (738 m above sea level), rising above the rolling plains of the foothills of the Apennines. Rock formations occupy almost 80% of the country's arable land accounts for 16.6% of the area. At the foot of Monte Titano are several castles and villages that lie in the zone of elevated plains. The climate is subtropical, Mediterranean. The average summer temperature is +24 ° C, in winter about +4 ° C. In this case, due to the elevated position of the country, even in very hot weather is cool, but at night in winter the temperature can drop to -6 ° C. Annual precipitation is mm per year, mostly - in the autumn-winter period. In winter, snow rarely falls, but he kept long. The total length of roads in the state is 104 km.
As of % of the national production sector is introduced. Banking and insurance account for 18.6%, the government sector %, trade - 8.6%, services %, construction - 5.5%. Inbound tourism plays a significant role in the economy, the tourism industry in the State involved to 2 million people annually, and more than 3 million tourists visit the country every year. Agriculture San Marino, a former long time the main branch of the economy of San Marino, in modern times is sheep farming, cultivation of grain crops, viticulture, winemaking
Official language - Italian, population speaks Italian. 93% of the population belong to the Roman Catholic Church. San Marino has more than 30 settlements. The country's capital city of San Marino (4.6 million inhabitants) is situated on the western slopes of Monte Titano, just below its summit. The city government buildings are located, there are monuments, museums. Transactions are carried out in Borgo Maggiore (5.2 million), located at 185 m below the capital. The largest settlement - Serravalle (9.2 million). The number of inhabitants in all the other towns did not exceed 1,000.
The San Marino Car Museum) - one of the most popular tourist sites of this small European country. In the Automobile Museum of San Marino you will see a collection of more than 100 vintage cars and motorcycles. Here there are both traditional cars and motorcycles period of the 1900s and the current models of the day. There are several models of Formula I. The museum is extremely popular with tourists, as it is possible to witness the variety of classic cars, as well as many famous modern models.