Put these events in order: n World War I n War of Independence n Great Depression n American Civil War n The start of expansion to the West
Native Americans n Before colonization, there were about 10 million people, in over 200 tribes. n By 1865, only 300,000 remained. –forced off their land –many died from diseases brought by the colonists
American Character n American history has affected the character of American people n Belief that anyone can be successful –most people who came to America were poor; some became very rich n Willing to take risks and try new things –immigration to the New World –travelling West to start a new life
In 1788, 13 colonies become the United States of America.
By 1837, new states have been created around the Mississippi.
By 1850, Oregon and California become states. 1843: One thousand people travel to Oregon 1848: USA wins Texas in the Mexican War 1849: California gold rush 1862: A new law gives free land to settlers
By 1912, all states except Alaska and Hawaii have been created.
Vietnam War ( ) n Had a big effect on people: –it lasted a long time (11 years) –many Americans were hurt or killed –America did not win the war –horrible pictures on TV n As the war continued, anger in America grew –there were many protests
Other Wars n Other wars that America has been involved in since World War II include: –Korean War ( ) –Gulf War ( ) –Kosovo War (1999) –Iraq War (2003)
Cold War n After World War II, there were two superpowers: USA and USSR –democratic USA, communist USSR n There was constant tension, but never actual war: –both built up their military power –spied on each other –provided money and support to groups in Korean, Vietnam, Middle East, etc
America as a Superpower n After the USSR broke up in 1991, USA became the only superpower. n There are still some powerful countries in Europe and Asia. n But sometimes America tries to ignore them. –USA refused to sign the Kyoto Protocol on greenhouse gases –USA attacked Iraq without UN approval