William Shakespeare is the most famous English author. Не was born (baptized) on April twenty-six, 1564 and died on April, twenty-three, Shakespeare wrote thirty-seven plays and two long poems during his lifetime. The playwright lived in Stratford-upon-Avon, county Warwickshire in England. His plays are performed today and his is quoted in modern literature very often. Shakespeare was not only writer, but also an actor. By 1594 he was a member of the acting company named The Chamberlains Men.
hakespeares plays are of different genres or kinds. There are comedies, histories, tragedies. His plays are the most known in English literature, they are studied in many schools and universities all over the world. The playwright has been credited for adding many new phrases and words to the English language of the day and for making his lexicon more popular. was popular during his lifetime. He was known as an actor and also was becoming popular as a writer. But in 1616, the year of his death, only some of his works were published. In 1623 the plays were collected and published, six years later after his death.
In 1593 and 1594, when the theatres were closed because of plague, Shakespeare published two narrative poems on erotic themes, Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece. He dedicated them to Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton. In Venus and Adonis, an innocent Adonis rejects the sexual advances of Venus; while in The Rape of Lucrece, the virtuous wife Lucrece is raped by the lustful Tarquin.
William Shakespeare was married. His wife, Ann Hathaway, was eight years older than he was. The playwright had three children – Susanna, Hamlet (died due to unknown reasons at the age of eleven) and Judith. 150 years after William Shakespeare died, some writers of the day began to doubt his authorship of plays and poems. They said that these works were created by another person. There were reasons for these. For example, the author of plays knew a lot of other countries, William Shakespeare never left England. Most scholars still believe than Shakespeare did write these works, but the idea that somebody else wrote Shakespeare is still discussed.