The idea of democracy. The activities of politicians, monarchs, lawmakers and others. The political system of the UK.
A minister, a cabinet, a department, a constitution, an opposition, a prime Minister, to coordinate, to control [ kqn'troul ], ceremonial [ "serI'mounjql ], monarch [ 'mOnqk ], monarchy, democracy, parliament, policy, politician [ " pOlI'tIS(q)n ], democratic, parliamentary [ " pa:lq'ment(q)rI ], political
To appoint ( назначать ) the Prime Minister To determine ( определять ) the government policy To delay ( откладывать ) the bill To revise ( пересматривать ) the bill, the programme To examine ( рассматривать ) the programme, the bill, To vote (on) ( голосовать ) the programme To draft ( составлять ) the programme To sign ( подписывать ) a bill To pass ( принимать ) a new law To rule ( управлять) the country
To oppose ( выступать против) the government policy To make ( составлять) laws To discuss ( обсуждать) the bill, the programme To approve ( одобрять) the government policy, the bill To challenge ( подвергать сомнению) the bill To give ( налагать ) the royal assent ( королевскую санкцию) Legislative branch of power ( законодательная ветвь власти ) Executive branch of power ( исполнительная ветвь власти)
Responsible to\for ( ответственный перед\за ) Majority ( большинство ) To represent ( представлять ) A representative ( представитель ) To elect ( избирать ) Elected ( избираемый ) Non-elected ( неизбираемый )
THE MONARCH is the official head of state; has mostly representative functions THE GOVERNMENT The Prime Minister is the head of the government; is the leader of the party with the majority of seats in the House of Commons The Cabinet About 20 ministers; determines government policies Non-Cabinet Ministers PARLIAMENT The House of Commons (about 650 elected MP) makes laws; discusses political problems the House of Lords (over permanent non-elected members – peers and life peers) Examines and revises bills from the House of Commons; can delay bills for one year THE PEOPLE (all men and women over 18) appoints chooses Is responsible to elect
What political system does the United Kingdom belong to? Where are its laws made? What are the two chambers of the British Parliament? What functions do the members of the House of Commons perform? What are the functions of the House of Lords? What do you mean by saying that 'her role is mostly ceremonial!?
What about the government of Britain? Will you name its functions? Can everybody become Prime Minister? Who is the British government responsible to? Which of the two chambers of the British Parliament is elected by the people? Who can elect? What branch of power does each of them represent? - the Monarch - the Government - Parliament
The legislative branch of power in the USA The executive branch of power in the USA The judicial branch of power in the USA The system of checks and balances The role of the head of state in the USA
Federal, presidential [ "prezI'denS(q)l ], republic, administration, a secretary, Congress, the Senate, the Vice [ 'vaIs ] President, the Cabinet, to veto, compromise [ 'kOmprqmaIz ]
To balance – приводить в равновесие Court - суд To declare – объявлять, провозглашать Extreme – крайний, крайность Judge - судья Judicial - судебный to pass over – преодолевать (вето) Supreme – высший, верховный Unconstitutional - неконституционный Institution - учреждение To involve in - вовлекать
CONGRESS makes all laws THE ADMINISTRATION The House of Representatives 435 members can introduce a new project The Senate 100 members can introduce a new project The President The head of State The Vise President The Cabinet Secretaries as heads of departments THE PEOPLE all men and women over 18 elect appoints approve
THE PRESIDENT CONGRESS THE SUPREME COURT The President can veto laws passed by the Congress. Congress can pass laws over the Presidents veto by a two thirds majority. The court can declare presidential acts unconstitutional. The president appoints federal judges. The Senate must approve the Presidents judicial appointments. The Court can declare laws unconstitutional
Is the power of the USA President inherited as the power of the monarch? Which institution represents the legislative branch of power in the USA? Is the head of the country elected directly by the people in the USA? What system are all the branches of power in the USA involved into? How does the system of checks and balances work?
The political system of Russia. Institutions of legislative, executive and judicial branch of power in Russia.
Federation, the Duma, assembly [ q'semblI ], to guarantee [ "g1 r(q)n'ti:]
To adopt - принимать Peculiarity - особенность The Chairman - председатель To interact - взаимодействовать The basic rights – основные права To dissolve - распустить Council - совет Deputy - депутат
THE PRESIDENT THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT The Federation Council 2 representatives from each federal subject The Duma 450 deputies The Chairman of the Government Ministers THE SUPREME COURT OF THE RF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF THE RF THE PEOPLE all men and women over 18 elect approves appoints can dissolve the Duma guarantees the basic rights can veto laws pass law by 2/3 majority
What political system does the Russian Federation represent according to the Constitution? Who quarantines the basic rights of the people of Russia? What branch of power is the President of Russian Federation involved in? What functions does the Russian Federation President exercise according to the RF Constitution?
RussiaThe UK The USA Austral ia Parliament represents the legislative branch of power The people elect Congress The head of the state is the President An independent country within the Commonwealth Those who abstain from voting are fined. Formally the monarch is the head of state It is involved in the system of checks and balances The Federal Assembly consists of the Federation Council and the Duma The Supreme Court represents the judicial branch of power Secretaries head the most important departments in the Administration The House of Lords can delay bills for one year The President appoints the Chairman of the Government Lord chancellor seats on the woolsack. It can declare the actions of the President unconstitutional The President guarantees the basic rights of people. The citizens of this state are proud of the fact that secret ballot was first introduced here.
RussiaThe UK The USA Austra- lia Parliament represents the legislative branch of power * The people elect Congress * The head of the state is the President ** An independent country within the Commonwealth * Those who abstain from voting are fined. * Formally the monarch is the head of state * It is involved in the system of checks and balances * The Federal Assembly consists of the Federation Council and the Duma * The Supreme Court represents the judicial branch of power ** Secretaries head the most important departments in the Administration * The House of Lords can delay bills for one year * The President appoints the Chairman of the Government * Lord chancellor seats on the woolsack. * It can declare the actions of the President unconstitutional * The President guarantees the basic rights of people. * The citizens of this state are proud of the fact that secret ballot was first introduced here. *
Список литературы 1.Английский язык: Учеб.для кл. общеобразоват. учреждений / В.П. Кузовлев. Н.М. Лапа, Э.Ш. Перегудова и др. – М.: Просвещение, Английский язык: Большой справочник для школьников и поступающих в вузы / Е.М. Базанова, И.Ю. Баканова, О.Ю. Болтнева и др. – М.: Дрофа, 2004