Презентация на тему: " Инновационный Евразийский Университет Кафедра «Английская филология и перевод» Слайд-лекция по дисциплине «Диалектология» на тему «Literary Language» Для." — Транскрипт:
Инновационный Евразийский Университет Кафедра «Английская филология и перевод» Слайд-лекция по дисциплине «Диалектология» на тему «Literary Language» Для студентов специальности «Иностранный язык: два иностранных языка» Разработал: ст. преп. Рудевский А.О.
План лекции 1.Concept of literary language. 2.Literary language and versions of colloquial forms of existence of language. 3. National language.
Concept of literary language A literary language is a register of a language that is used in literary writing. This may also include liturgical writing. The difference between literary and non-literary (vernacular) forms is more marked in some languages than in others. Where there is a strong divergence, the language is said to exhibit diglossia.
For much of its history there has been a distinction in the English language between an elevated literary language and a colloquial language. After the Norman conquest of England, for instance, Latin and French displaced English as the official and literary languages and Standard literary English didn't emerge until the end of the Middle Ages. Modern English no longer has a distinction between literary and colloquial languages.
English has been used as a literary language in countries that were formerly part of the British Empire, for instance India up to the present day, Malaysia in the early twentieth century, and Nigeria, where English remains the official language.
Literary language and versions of colloquial forms of existence of language Literary English differs from spoken English in a number of particulars: It is "formal;" which is to say, it is an acrolect. Contractions and similar spoken forms are avoided or are written out in full; It uses a different lexicon. The verb consider appears more often in writing than
it does in casual speech; the noun phrase such a sentence is again something that is much likelier to be written than spoken impromptu. By contrast, a phrase like there aren't hardly any is far likelier to be heard spoken aloud than written down; in writing, one is drawn instead to there are no...; It observes the rules of prescriptive grammar much more attentively than spoken English does; It has a simplified syntax.
National language A national language is a language which has some connectionde facto or de jure with a people and perhaps by extension the territory they occupy. The term is used variously. A national language may for instance represent the national identity of a nation or country. National language may alternatively be a designation given to one or more languages spoken as first languages in the territory of a country.
"National language" and "official language" are best understood as two concepts or legal categories with ranges of meaning that may coincide, or may be intentionally separate. Obviously a stateless nation is not in the position to legislate an official language, but their language may be considered a national language. Some languages may be recognized popularly as "national languages," while others may enjoy a high degree of official recognition. Some examples of national
languages that are not official languages include Aromanian, Cherokee, and Navajo (and other living Native American languages).
Литература 1.Антрушина Г.В., Афанасьева О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка: Учеб. Пособие для студентов. – 3-е изд., стереотип. – М.: Дрофа, – 288 с.; 2.Расторгуева Т.А. История английского языка: Учебник/Т.А.Расторгуева. – 2-е изд. Стер. – М.: ООО «Издательство Астрель»: ООО «Издательство АСТ», – 352 с. – На англ. языке. 3.Мечковская Н.Б. Социальная лингвистика: Пособие для студентов гуманит. вузов и учащихся лицеев. – 2-е изд., испр. – М.: Аспект-Пресс, – 206 с.