Презентация на тему: " Russian Declension and Conjugation Chapter 8: Imperfective derivation." — Транскрипт:
Russian Declension and Conjugation Chapter 8: Imperfective derivation
Discussion points Wheres the content? –I would argue that prefixes are NEVER just grammatical or semantically empty; surface form is there for a reason How big is your paradigm? –Imperfective derivation has been argued to be a part of inflection by some, derivation by others; I think it is derivation myself
More terminology for verbs Simplex -- this is a verb that doesnt have any aspectual affixes (prefixes or suffixes), eg. писа ть, да ть Prefixed (or suffixed in NU) perfective -- this is a verb that has been derived from a simplex verb to create a new perfective, eg. подписа ть, вы дать Suffixed imperfective -- this is a verb suffixed in - aj+, -vaj+, or -ivaj+, eg. подпи сывать, выдава ть
Some happy news about derived imperfectives We dont have to worry about stress! Its always fixed! They are all the same verb type, and its an easy one: AJ!
Some sad news about derived imperfectives The distribution of imperfectivizing suffixes is complex (see chart on back of Townsend book) E takes all three suffixes (-aj+ and -ivaj+ like I, which has the same conjugation; and -vaj+ like EJ)
Some rules of thumb for I verbs -aj+ for Church Slavonic roots, and Church Slavonic mutations apply: прекрати ть, прекраща ть -ivaj+ if the root ends in a j: устро ить, устра ивать
What does non-syllabic entail? Name all the types of non-syllabic verbal stems that will insert an -i- when forming the derived imperfective. Give an example of each!
Some more notes and oddities Lots of random hardenings and softenings when imperfectivizing E verbs… All suffixes except OVA truncate before the imperfectivizing suffixes Root vowel o > a before -ivaj+: уговори ть, угова ривать
o > e in verbal roots Infinitives of obstruent stems: т ё к, те чь Nonpast of some A stems (where stem final consonant is softened or mutated): прич ё сан, приче шут Past active participle and past gerund of some D/T verbs: приве дший (but note exceptions: м ё тший, пл ё тший, сч ё тший) Fill vowel after a prefix is always spelled o