Презентация на тему: " Human Security and Security Strategy Policymaking: Armenian case Presentation at the 2011 Jean Monnet International Conference Human Security and Security." — Транскрипт:
Human Security and Security Strategy Policymaking: Armenian case Presentation at the 2011 Jean Monnet International Conference Human Security and Security Strategy: Institutions and Policies in a European Perspective By Arthur Atanesyan
HS includes: 1. Life conditions (objective determinants) 2. Life expectations (subjective determinants)
1. Life conditions are: 1.1. secured by state (official policies, political decision-making structures, legislation, government, other state institutions), 1.2 by private sector (alternative non-state institutions – private schools, universities, private clinics, etc.), and 1.3 by society itself (culture of coexistence and public morale).
2. Life expectations depend on: 2.1 Objective life conditions (the above mentioned), 2.2 Political propaganda and Mass Media effects. Domestic political propaganda may develop the both modest expectations, as well patient treatment towards objective life conditions and political decision-making. On the other hand, global Mass Media and fashion on luxury life style provoke consumerism as lifestyle and life quality, which may be higher than the real, objective possibilities and resources.
6 options of Human Security situation resulted from combinations of possible perceptions and actual conditions: Life expectations are modest (low) Life expectations are high (consumerism) Objective life conditions are bad (declining) Passive instability Active Instability Objective life conditions are stably unchangeable Manageable Stability Manageable Instability Objective life conditions are good (improving) Active Development Stability- Passive development
The case of Armenia The case of Armenia demonstrates situation between manageable instability and active instability
Armenian case Life expectations are high (consumerism) Objective life conditions are bad (declining) Active Instability Objective life conditions are stably unchangeable Manageable Instability
The National Security Strategy of the Republic of Armenia (January 26, 2007), Chapter 4: New Quality of Life and Morale Goals: poverty eradication, higher living standards over the long-term, the consolidation of social justice and an elimination of societal polarization, the modernization of education and science, with greater access to education, and continued cultural and intellectual development.
The policy priorities in the fields of social security, education, intellectual and cultural developments include: -consolidating the state based on social justice; - establishing and promoting public accord; - addressing the social needs of the population, with greater access to social services; - improving social standards through the creation of new jobs and the establishment of a social insurance system; - improving the system of pensions, raising the minimal pension to internationally accepted standards; - addressing the negative demographic situation; - regenerating the professional community, especially in the fields of science and education, as a prerequisite for sustainable economic and public development.
Therefore, the Republic of Armenia aspires to: Therefore, the Republic of Armenia aspires to: -implement a long-term state policy aimed at empowering the countrys scientific potential, restructuring educational system to comply with European standards and to meet the social and economic needs of the state, introducing modern education technologies; -translate the body of academic knowledge for the use in Armenia, engage academia in all areas, including defense, in order to achieve more efficient modernization; -prevent the brain-drain; -increase the role of the Armenian as a language of the national identity and of the state language; -effectively protect intellectual property; -create a favorable environment for the preservation and reproduction of universal and national values, national traditions, and standards of cultural and intellectual heritage; -ensure increased access to cultural values; -support the spiritual, moral, social and cultural activities of the Armenian Apostolic Church; -prevent any threat to the cultural and intellectual identity and moral values of the Armenian people;
-engage in greater cooperation with other states in order to preserve Armenian cultural, spiritual and historic monuments located within their territory; -protect the historic, spiritual, cultural heritage and the ethnic identity of the national minorities living in Armenia; -integrate into the international information area, to ensure professional promotion of Armenia and the Armenians, and to counter disinformation and propaganda; -promote relevant information about Armenia and all branches of Armenian studies through the Internet, with the creation of relevant Armenian websites; -promote sustainable and balanced urban development, including creation of harmonious biosphere and fostering of proportionate territorial density of population, and incorporating considerations of seismic vulnerability, especially in Yerevan; -create a more efficient healthcare system, through the promotion of healthy living, the regulation and monitoring of medication and related medicinal supplies, the prevention of diseases, especially radiation sickness, biological terrorism and substance abuse, and the early diagnosis of disease and their treatment, with a focus on the protection of mothers and infants and pre-natal care