Bede referred to as Saint Bede or the Venerable Bede was a monk at the Northumbrian monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth
He is well known as an author and scholar, and his most famous work, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People) gained him the title "The Father of English History". In 1899, Bede was made a Doctor of the Church by Leo XIII, a position of theological significance; he is the only native of Great Britain to achieve this designation. Almost everything that is known of Bede's life is contained in the last chapter of his Historia Ecclesiastica.
Bede's best-known work is the Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum, The first of the five books begins with some geographical background, and then sketches the history of England, beginning with Caesar's invasion in 55 B.C. t of the five books begins with some geographical background, and then sketches the history of England, beginning with Caesar's invasion in 55 B.C. The second book begins with the death of Gregory the Great in 604, and follows the further progress of Christianity in Kent and the first attempts to evangelise Northumbria.The climax of the third book is the account of the Council of Whitby, traditionally seen as a major turning point in English history. The fourth book begins with the consecration of Theodore as Archbishop of Canterbury, and recounts Wilfrid's efforts to bring Christianity to the kingdom of Sussex.The fifth book brings the story up to Bede's day, and includes an account of missionary work in Frisia, and of the conflict with the British church over the correct dating of Easter.
His scholarship and importance to Catholicism were recognised in 1899 when he was declared a Doctor of the Church, and was declared a sanctus in He is the only Englishman named a Doctor of the Church. He is also the only Englishman in Dante's Paradise mentioned among theologians and doctors of the church in the same canto as Isidore of Seville and the Scot Richard of St. Victor.
Bede became known as Venerable Bede by the 9th century,but this was not linked to consideration for sainthood by the Roman Catholic Church. According to a legend the epithet was miraculously supplied by angels, thus completing his unfinished epitaph.It is first utilised in connection with Bede in the 9th century, where Bede was grouped with others who were called "venerable" at two ecclesiastical councils held at Aix in 816 and 836. Paul the Deacon then referred to him as venerable consistently. By the 11th and 12th century, it had become commonplace. However, there are no descriptions of Bede by that term right after his death