Information is vital to human. Computer and the Internet are a powerful tool for processing and exchange of information. The problem of Internet addiction emerged with the increasing popularity of the Internet. Some people began to prefer the Internet a reality, spending on the computer 18 hours a day. The dramatic failure of the Internet makes these people anxiety and emotional arousal. Psychiatrists perceive the similarity of this dependence with excessive gambling.
For the first time disorder was described in 1995 by Dr. Ivan Goldberg. Despite the fact that the goal was not Goldberg's inclusion of the disorder in the official psychiatric standards, he proposed description is based on the description of disorders related to substance abuse. Goldberg has identified the following main symptoms of the disorder: Internet use causes painful negative stress or distress; Internet use is detrimental to physical, psychological, interpersonal, economic or social status.
Officially, the medicine has not yet recognized Internet addiction a mental disorder, and many experts in the field of psychiatry in general doubt the existence of Internet addiction, or deny the harm caused by this phenomenon. The dependence of the (drug) in the medical sense is defined as a compulsive need to use familiar materials, accompanied by a marked increase in tolerance and the physiological and psychological symptoms. The growth habit of tolerance means to larger and larger doses. Also, the dependence (addiction) in psychology is defined as the compulsive need, felt by the person that incites to a particular activity. Obviously, this term can be used in the analysis of Internet addiction. Here, the dependence of other than using drugs or alcohol, there is a physiological component is completely absent. But the psychological seen very clearly. Thus, it is possible to define Internet addiction as a compulsive need to use the Internet, accompanied by social disadaptation and severe psychological symptoms.
Stage 1 - selection of attractive options of virtual reality. At this stage, the person testing a different ability to surf the internet - communicating in chat rooms, forums and conferences on various topics and plays. Gradually, the user creates his own style in the network, which can compensate for a lack of communication in real life. For example, a shy and not confident person in the network may enter into an aggressive and assertive role of man. Communication on the Internet is already the most pleasant, but not an essential part of life.
Stage 2 - is transferred to the target virtual reality, limiting the choice of form and function. Surfer begins to spend more time at all in reality, selected at the previous stage, increases the number of interlocutors, and so to communicate on the network, gradually more and more moving away from real life. Then the person ceases to use the network of interaction to achieve real goals in life, he brings his goals into the virtual space, then the communication network itself is becoming the preferred or only way to achieve the goal. Thus is formed a dependency.
Stage 3 - Stage of stabilization (depending on the transition to the chronic form).After some time the chosen interaction ceases to enthrall the surfer with the same force. Activity in the network dies, and the dependence becomes less pronounced. Man returns to reality, but reluctantly. Dependence is maintained in an inactive form, it may increase when the new companions and attractive to the network or in stressful situations.
According to various studies, the Internet today are addicted for about 10% of users worldwide. Despite the lack of official recognition of the problems, Internet addiction has already taken into account in many countries around the world. For example, in Finland, young people with internet addiction provide a respite from the army.
The main 6 types of Internet addiction include: 1. Intrusive Web surfing - the endless journey through the World Wide Web, searching for information.
2. The addiction to virtual communication and virtual dating - large amounts of correspondence, continued participation in chat rooms, web forums, the redundancy of friends and acquaintances on the web.
3. Compulsive gambling - compulsive fascination with computer games on the network.
4. Obsessive financial need - the game of online gambling, unnecessary purchases in shops or regular participation in online auctions.
5. Addicted to watching movies over the Internet, when a patient can spend in front of a screen all day without stopping due to the fact that the network can see almost any film or programmes.
6. Cybersexual addiction – compulsive desire to visit pornographic sites and engage in cybersex
Problems in the family, as a rule, result from lack of attention to a particular family member. Quarrels and misunderstanding addict only aggravat e the situation in the family relationship. Family scandal can only further damage the psyche of man. The best way to solve the problems of the family is love, and understanding, and wisdom of the household. Gently remove a person in a family positive communication and, most importantly, increase joint interaction with wildlife, for example: by walking.
The easiest and most affordable way to solve the addiction - is the acquisition of other dependencies. Love for a healthy lifestyle, contact with wildlife, creative applications hobbies such as painting, usually derive from human ad diction.
Certainly, the use of the Internet is very important for a modern person. But always remember about the potential danger of the network and understand that real life is very fast, if you sit at your computer for more than two hours a day...