Презентация на тему: " TEACHING VOCABULARY Language structures make up the skeleton of language, then it is vocabulary that provides the vital organs and the flesh (J. Harmer)" — Транскрипт:
TEACHING VOCABULARY Language structures make up the skeleton of language, then it is vocabulary that provides the vital organs and the flesh (J. Harmer)
pen to come down compact disc miss the bus it's up to you good morning to put the cart before the horse that's not my fault I would have given it to him TASK 2. Look through the list and answer which of the items you would classify as vocabulary?
What are the components of vocabulary? Vocabulary words,collocations, fixed expressions(social formulae, politeness phrases, phrasebook lg., idioms, discourse markers, sentence- builders, proverbs) semi-fixed expressions, multi-word verbs/phrasal verb
the stock of words and phrases, usually imagined as fixed meanings.
meaning denotation connotation form grammar spelling pronunciation collocations use style register dialect WORD
TASK 4. Identify the connotation of the following words: dog, bastard, cool, spinster. TASK 5. Give the collocations of the following words: white, come.
a) hot / coldantonyms b)buy / sellcomplements(can not be graded) b)clever / intelligentsynonyms b)animal / cow / dog / cat / mouse hyponyms, superordinate b)flower / pot / seeds / soilpart-whole relations b)red / blue / green / white / grey multiple incompatibles b)nation / national / international / internationalist derivatives b)bear (animal) / bear (carry)homonyms b)night / knighthomophones
items related by topic; items grouped as in an activity or process; items grouped by function; items along a scale; items grouped by grammatical similarity; items which connect discourse; set of idioms; items grouped by style;
Frequency, meaning, level of difficulty. frequent ____________________________ uncommon concrete ____________________________ abstract easy _____________________________ difficult active _____________________________ passive What makes a word difficult? How many items to teach?
passive / receptive vocabulary - language items which can only be recognised and comprehended in the context of reading or listening material active / productive vocabulary - language items which the learner can recall and use appropriately in speech and writing.
Remembering: putting into storage keeping in storage retrieving Using (J. Scrivener)
not to be long include enough and relevant examples include clear/interesting visuals use or link to Ss' present knowledge include clear explanations contrast with L1 link to previously learnt material include interaction be involving be an effective check of understanding be meaningful be amusing, interesting hold attention use drama be memorable, dramatic, exciting
Ntesting techniques meaningformus ag e problems and strengths de not at con not SGPC 1multiple choice v v v v v 2matchingv v 3categorisingv 4simple dictation vv tests listening skills 5writing sentencesvv vv 6dictation- translation v v mother-tongue translation can be misleading 7gap-filling (w/o hints) vvvv v difficult to check 8gap-filling (w. hints) v v v 9translationv vvv V v mother-tongue translation can be misleading 1010 completion v v