First Type: Possible & Probable conditions Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Third Type: Impossible conditions Conditional Types Other Conditional sentences Wish / If only
First Type: Possible & Probable conditions IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE Simple Present Simple Future Imperative Can If you comeI will be happy If you want to passStudy! If we buy a ticketWe ___________ (go) to the concert If she ______________ (arrive) soon she will come with us If they dance too muchThey ____________ (get) tired If you need my car________________ (take) it
First Type: Possible & Probable conditions IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lotI ________ (leave) you If the road________ (be) wet________(watch out) ! If he________ (lose) his keyYou ________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We ________ (have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you ________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money
Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE Simple PastWould + root verb Could + root verb If she studiedshe would pass her controls If he ranhe would catch the bus If I went to ChinaI could be with him If I were ______________________________ To express an imaginary present or improbable future situations
IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lotI ________ (leave) you If the road ________ (be) wetYou________have) an accident If he________ (lose) his keyYou________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We ________.(have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions
Third Type: Impossible conditions To express a regret for an impossible situation happened in the Past with NO solution IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Past Perfect Present Perfect Conditional (Would have + past participle) If it hadn't rainedWe would have gone to the country If she had studiedShe __________ (pass) her controls If you __________ (invite) them They 'd have come to the party If I had known itI ___________(arrive) earlier If he____________(phone)I 'd have seen him
IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE If you ________ (drink) a lotI ________ (leave) you If the road ________ (be) wetYou ________(have) an accident If he ________ (lose) his keyYou ________ (lend) him yours If she ________ (not buy) any food We________(have dinner) If they ________ (not stop) talking We ________ (not finish) our lesson If you________ (take) the dog for a walk I ________ (give) you some money Third Type: Impossible conditions
UNLESS " Si no…" "A menos que..." You won't finish the race unless you control your effort. WHETHER…OR NOT "Tanto….como si no " Whether you pay or not, you won't get in without an invitation. ON CONDITION THAT PROVIDED THAT PROVIDING THAT SO LONG AS AS LONG AS "Siempre que, en tanto que, con la condición de que,...etc ASSUMING THAT SUPPOSING THAT SUPPOSE THAT "Suponiendo que.." "I will only tell my age on condition that you tell yours." I will only tell my age provided that you tell yours I will only tell my age providing that you tell yours I will only tell my age so long as you tell yours I will only tell my age as long as you tell yours "Assuming that it's fine tomorrow, we'll go for a swim" "What would you do supposing that you were given the chance to see the future ?" Other expressions used in conditional clauses:
Other time clauses Time clauses with before, unless, when, while, as soon as, as long as, provided that After when, as soon as, before, while, unless, as long as and provided that we use the present tense (not will). I ll stay with Jake when I go to London next week. As soon as I get my exam results, I m going on holiday. Before I go out tonight, I have to finish this essay. While I m away, Penny s going to look after my dog. I won t be able to buy a car unless I find a job soon. I ll come with you as long as I don't have to drive. You ll pass your exam provided that you doenough revision.
WISH / IF ONLY CLAUSES Wish and if only can be used with would and past tenses. These structures express regrets, and wishes for unlikely or impossible things. If only is more emphatic. (Traducción: Ójala, Desearía) 1. Past tenses are used to talk about the present. I wish I was better lookingI wish I spoke French Don t you wish you could fly?If only I knew more people! Were can be used instead of was, especially in a formal style. He wishes he were better looking. 2. We use a past perfect tense to express regrets about the past I wish you hadn t said that. Now she wishes she had gone to university. If only she hadn t told the police, everything would be all right. 3. We use would or could to talk about future things which arent so much probable. I wish / If only I could go to the party. 2. to talk about future things that we would like people (not) to do. The subject of wish and the main verb is different. So here we only use would. This often expresses dissatisfaction or annoyance: It can sound critical. I wish you would go home. If only the postman would come! We can use this structure to talk about things as well as people. I wish this damned car would start. If only it would stop raining!
Sample rephrasing First Conditional: - Be careful – someones going to see you! - If you are careful, nobody will see you! - If + Subject + present simple, subject + future will (aff or neg) Second Conditional: -Kathy wants to go to the movies but doesn't have any money -If Kathy had some money, she would go to the movies. -If + Subject + past simple (neg or aff), subject + would /could/might + infinitive + complements Third Conditional: -Tom was not going to come to dinner the next day because you insulted him. -If Tom hadnt insulted him, he would have come to dinner. - If + Subject + past perfect (neg or aff), subject + would/ could/might + have + pp + C Wish / If only Im sorry, but I cant help you now. I wish I could help you. I would have gone to the concert, but I didnt have a ticket. I wish I had had a ticket. / I had bought a ticket
- His book will be published provided he takes his manuscript to the editor. Unless he takes his manuscript to the editor, his book wont be published. Unles + present simple, future simple (aff or neg) -I didn't have an umbrella with me and so I got wet. I wouldn't have got wet, if I had had an umbrella with me. -We don't go to school when it rains If it rains, we dont go to school. -I didn't move the table because Jack didn't help me. If Jack had helped me, I would have moved the table. - You drink too much coffee, that's why you don't sleep. If you didnt drank too much coffee, you would sleep. -You never talk to me, so you don't know anything about me. If you talked to me, you would know something about me. Other samples