Passive Voice Active Voice In English there are two ways to describe actions Действительный залог Страдательный залог Millions of people read this magazine. Mary translated the article. We will finish this work tomorrow. This magazine is read by millions of people. The article was translated by Mary. This work will be finished tomorrow. Пассивный залог используется, когда нам более важен объект действия, а не тот, кто его совершил. При этом объект или предмет, над которым совершалось действие, встаёт на место подлежащего.
Forms of the verb in Passive Voice SimplePerfectContinuous Present am is are have been has am is being are Past was werehad been was being were Future will bewill have been Modal verbs can/could be V 3/ed must be V 3/ed may be V 3/ed should be V 3/ed have/has to be V 3/ed
Prepositions by with употребляется перед предметом или объектом, совершившим действие употребляется перед предметом, с помощью которого было совершено действие Mary painted the fence with a special brush. The fence was painted by Mary. The fence was painted with a special brush. London was completely destroyer by fire in1666. Many beautiful museums in London are often visited by tourists. The cheese was cut with a special knife. Our furniture is cleaned only with a special substance.