Plan 1.Biography of W.Shakespeare 2.Marriage and career 3.His work 4.About sonnets 5.English sonnet 6.1 sonnet 7.Definitions 8.Analysis 9.Crassword 10.Conclusion
Biography of W.Shakespeare William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor. He was born on 26 April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. His father John was a successful local businessman and his mother Mary was the daughter of a landowner. Shakespeare is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and nicknamed the Bard of Avon. Around 1613, at the age of 49, he retired to Stratford, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive. He died on 23 April 1616, at the age of 52. He died within a month of signing his will, a document which he begins by describing himself as being in "perfect health". In his will, Shakespeare left the bulk of his large estate to his elder daughter Susanna.
Marriage and career Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway at the age of 18. She was eight years older than him. They had three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. After his marriage information about his life became very rare. But he is thought to have spent most of his time in London writing and performing in his plays. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men.
His work Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and His early plays were mainly comedies and histories and these works remain regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres. He then wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights. He wrote about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, of which the authorship of some is uncertain. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more often than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare's plays remain highly popular today and are constantly studied, performed, and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world. His first play was Julius Caesar. This play perfomed at the Globe Theater
Built in the 1960's, the Globe Theatre is a non-profit organization presenting classical and modern plays using an Elizabethan stage. Shakespeare's Globe Theatre
About sonnets Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, likely composed over an extended period from 1592 to 1598, the year in which Francis Meres referred to Shakespeare's "sugred sonnets Sonnet-a very structured type of poetry in which the author attempts to show two related but differing things to the reader in order to communicate something about them. Almost always consists of fourteen lines and follows one of several set rhyme schemes: English (Shakespearean) Italian (Petrarchan) Spenserian Although love is the overarching theme of the sonnets, there are three specific underlying themes: (1) the brevity of life, (2) the transience of beauty, and (3) the trappings of desire.
English Sonnet An English Sonnet is also called a Shakespearean Sonnet. It includes three quatrains (groups of four lines) and a couplet (two lines). The rhyme scheme is often abab cdcd efef gg. The turn is either after eight lines or ten lines.
1 sonnet From fairest creatures we desire increase, (a) That thereby beautys rose might never die, (b) But as the riper should by time decease, (a) His tender heir might bear his memory: (b) But thou, contracted to thine own bright eyes, (c) Feedst thy lightst flame with self-substantial fuel, (d) Making a famine where abundance lies, (c) Thyself thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel. (d) Thou that art now the worlds fresh ornament (e) And only herald to the gaudy spring, (f) Within thine own bud buriest thy content (e) And, tender churl, makest waste in niggarding. (f) Pity the world, or else this glutton be, (g) To eat the worlds due, by the grave and thee.(g)
Definitions 1.creatures-an animal as distinct from a human being (создание,творение,живое существо) 2.increase-become or make greater in size,amount,ntensity or degree.(увелечение,возрастение) 3.riper-(of fruit.grain) developed to the point of readiness for harvesting and eating.(зрелый,спелый,готовый) 4.tender-showing gentleness and concern or sympathy.(нежный,ласковый,мягкий) 5.heir-a person legally entitled to the property or rank of another or that persons death (наследник) 6.substantial-of considerable importance,size,or worth (существенный,значительный) 7.fuel-material such as coal,gas,or oil that is burned to produce heat or power (топлива) 8.famine- extreme scarcity of food (голод,голодание) 9. abundance-a very large quantity of something (изобилие,множество,избиток)
Definitions 10.foe-an enemy or opponent (враг,противник) 11.ornament-a thing used to make something loo more attractive (украшение,орнамент) 12.herald-an official messenger bringing news (вестник) 13.gaudi-extravagantly bright or showy,typically so as to be tastless(яркий,безвкусный) 14.bud-a compact knoblike growth on a plant that develops into a leaf,flower,or shoot.(бутон) 15.churl- an impolite and maen-spirited person (грубиян,скряга) 16.waste- use or expend carelessly,extravagantly,or to no purpose (терять,тратить впустую) 17.niggarding-a stingy or ungenerous person (скупой) 18.pity-feel sorrow for the misfortunes of (жалеть,соболезновать) 19.glutton-an excessively greedy eater (обжора) 20.due-expected at or planned for at a certain time (должный,причитающиися)
Analysis Shakespeare begins his sonnets by introducing four of his most important themes immortality, time, procreation, and selfishness. The sonnet's first four lines relate all of these important themes. Individually, each of these four lines addresses a separate issue. Line 1 concerns procreation, especially in the phrase "we desire increase"; line 2 hints at immortality in the phrase "might never die"; line 3 presents the theme of time's unceasing progress; and line 4 combines all three concerns.. According to the sonnet's poet, procreating ensures that our names will be carried on by our children. If we do not have children, however, our names will die when we do. In this poem he uses an early season in the year: Spring. This makes sense as the first poem in the collection and when talking about the fair youth living for the moment and enjoying his youth without thinking about the future.
Crossword S H A K E S P E A R TRATFORD OJN NMSSENISUB CINNAME ANN NIWT LAYS NNOST E FMI I UL NE EH F
Conclusion Shakespeare was the greatest poetic genius of the sixteenth century. " Sonnets " of Shakespeare - one of the greatest monuments of the literature of the Renaissance.Also his сreation is a masterpiece and a treasure of English Literature.