Презентация на тему: " Chapter 1 Chemistry, a Unique Science Introduction 1.Why Chemistry? 2.What is Science? 3.The experimental World of Chemistry 4.Basic Measurements and Chemistry." — Транскрипт:
Chapter 1 Chemistry, a Unique Science Introduction 1.Why Chemistry? 2.What is Science? 3.The experimental World of Chemistry 4.Basic Measurements and Chemistry Table of Contents
Chapter 1 What is a science? What are the main branches of science? How can one be a scientist? Warm Up The Classification of Inorganic Compounds
Chapter 1 Introduction Chemistry is a science that deals with the study of matter and its changes. Chemistry is a branch of natural sciences. It is interrelated with all other sciences. Simply chemistry is in everything. It has a lot of branches; biochemistry, organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry, thermo chemistry…etc.
Chapter 1 1. Why Chemistry? Chemistry is everywhere.
Chapter 1 2. What is a Science? Science means knowledge in Latin. The studies conducted and tested systematically, hypothesized and shared with people are called scientific studies. A chemist who studies chemistry. The applications of scientific principles in the service of mankind is called technology. All scientific studies have certain steps; observation, hypothesis, experiment and sharing results.
Chapter 1 3. Experimental World of Chemistry Steps of an experiment in chemistry as follow; Setting up the experimental equipment and procedures, Conducting the experiment, Recording data, Analyzing results, reaching a conclusion and sharing results. Safety always comes first. Always listen carefully to all instructions given by your teacher. Learn necessary safety rules for your experiment.
Chapter 1 3. Experimental World of Chemistry Safety always comes first. Always wear a lab jacket and safety goggles. Read all the necessary information about the experiments. Wear gloves when using heat, chemicals and glassware. Do not throw any chemicals. Do not touch any chemicals with your fingers. Tie long hair. Do not horse around in a lab. Quickly report all accidents to your teacher. Do not eat, smell, drink or taste any chemical.
Chapter 1 3. Experimental World of Chemistry Hazard warning Symbols Explosive Oxidizing Flammable Toxic Harmful Irritant Corrosive Radioactive
Chapter 1 3. Experimental World of Chemistry Laboratory Equipments Beaker Test tube Volumetric Flask Graduated cylinder Burner Funnel Separatory Test tube Erlenmeyer Round bottom funnel rack flask flask
Chapter 1 4. Basic Measurements and Chemistry Units and Quantities Common units and quantities used in chemistry are as follow; Mass is amount of substance, shown by m. gram (g), kilogram (kg), milligram (mg) Volume is space occupied by an object, shown by L. liter (L), milliliter (mL), cubic decimeter (dm 3 ) Temperature is degree of cold or heat, shown by C, K or F. Celsius ( o C), Kelvin (K) and Fahrenheit (F). K = o C + 273