FACTFILE Australia-official name Commonwealth of Australia. Total area – sq.km Population – 22 million people. Head of the state-Queen Elisabeth represented by Governor-General Form of the government-federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy National holiday-Australian Day,16 January National symbols-Kangaroo and Emu Capital city – Canberra Official language – English. Money – Australian dollar
Location The country consists of six states and two territories. Australia is a large country lying between the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
CAPITAL Canberra was specially planned as a capital. It is a quiet city. All the government buildings are situated there. There are no industrial plants in the city. About people live in Canberra.
Sydney Sydney is the oldest and largest city in Australia. It was founded in Sydney is a big industrial center. About 3 million people now live in the city.
Aborigines The first Australian people were dark-skinned Aborigines. Their account for about 1 percent of the population. They may be found in the island areas of the country.
The kangaroo and emu can be seen on Australias coat of arms.
Animals Australias best- known animals are the kangaroo, the koala and the dingo (a wild dog).