Презентация на тему: " When to use a, an, some, any? by: Amantayeva D.S. 105 ФРБ." — Транскрипт:
When to use a, an, some, any? by: Amantayeva D.S. 105 ФРБ
a, an: Grammatical Articles The basic rules are: Use "a" before a consonant sound; use "an" before a vowel sound. Examples: A book, a house, an apple, an idea, an umbrella etc. The correct choice of the articles a and an depends on the initial sound of a word, not on the initial letter, of the word that they precede. Exapmles: An honor, an hour, a European, a university etc.
a, an: Grammatical Articles The letter a should be used before all words beginning with a consonant sound except silent h (an honor) and before words beginning with vowels that represent combined consonant and vowel sounds (university, unit). Examples: a boy, a European, a picture, a store, a table, a bottle, a window, a phone etc.
a, an: Grammatical Articles The word an should be used before all vowel sounds (a, e, i, o, u). Examples: an entry, an hour, an orange, an ape, an idea, an eagle, an honor, an umbrella
Some & any Use some and any with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns. Generally some is used in positive sentences and any is used in questions and negative sentences. Plural countable nouns. Affirmative: I've got some friends in Germany. Interrogative: Have you got any friends in Sweden? Negative: I haven't got any friends in Scotland. Uncountable nouns. Affirmative: There is some butter in the fridge. Interrogative: Is there any butter in the fridge. Negative: There isn't any butter in the fridge.
Some & any There is one exception to this rule: We use some instead of anyin questions when we request or offer something: Request: Could I have some water, please? Offer: Would you like some bread?
Some & any Also the words some and any are used when the speaker cannot specify or does not need/want to specify a number or an exact amount. - I saw seven deer when riding my bike in the forest yesterday. (It is important that you know how many deer I saw.) - I saw some deer when riding my bike in the forest yesterday. (I don't know exactly how many deer I saw. Or: It is not important that you know exactly how many deer I saw.)
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