In the United States of America, a democracy, a system of checks and balances makes sure that no one branch of government holds too much power. Their founding fathers had an idea to form the executive, the legislative, and the judicial branches to see that this goal was achieved. To learn more about these divisions of the government, read on! INTRODUCTION
PRESIDENT The President is the head of the executive branch at the federal level. He is helped by the Vice President and his cabinet, a group of advisors. Do you know who the President is at this time?
GOVERNOR The Governor is the head of the state government. The Lieutenant Governor helps him. Who is the present Governor of New York?
Mayor or Town Supervisor At the local level the head of the executive branch is either the Mayor or Town Supervisor.
EXECUTIVE BRANCH FEDERAL LEVEL STATE LEVEL LOCAL LEVEL PRESIDENT VICE PRESIDENT CABINET GOVERNOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR MAYOR TOWN SUPERVISOR
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT Congress House of Representatives Senate Two lawmakers from each state serve in the Senate. Every state has at least one representative. The number of representatives is based on the population of the state. Congress
State Government Assembly The Senate passes upon legislative proposals and constitutional amendments. The Senate confirms or rejects nominations made by the Governor. The Assembly is the other part of the state legislature. It meets and works in the Capitol. It helps make the laws for the state of New York. Senate
City CouncilTown Boards Both of these groups work like the Congress in the Federal Government. Both groups make laws for the city or town. LOCAL GOVERNMENT
FEDERAL LEVEL LEGISLATIVE BRANCH STATE LEVEL LOCAL LEVEL House of Representatives Senate Assembly Senate City Council Town Boards or
Interprets the law and makes sure they are in line with the Constitution
Supreme Court The highest court in the land has nine appointed judges
State Court of Appeals The highest court in the state has six Associate Judges and one Chief Judge appointed by the governor
City and Town Courts City and town judges are chosen by the people in their communities through an election
JUDICIAL BRANCH Federal Level State Level Local Level Supreme Court 9 Judges Court of Appeals 7 Judges Town and City Courts Elected Judges