Презентация на тему: " Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение Политехнический колледж 42 города Москвы Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение Политехнический." — Транскрипт:
Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение Политехнический колледж 42 города Москвы Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение Политехнический колледж 42 города Москвы Студент:Адоньев Алексей Дмитриевич Отделение: Информационная безопасность автоматизированных систем безопасность автоматизированных систем Курс: 2 курс Руководитель проекта: Сметанникова Марина Алексеева
1.Introduction 2.Causes of the war 3.Names and symbols 4.Major events 5.The outcome of the war 6.My opinion 7.Literature Content
In the war there arent those who won, there are only lost A.N. Chamberlain
War of Roses - is civil war in England, for the throne between two branches of the Plantagenet dynasty: Lancaster (the coat of arms - a red rose) and York (the coat of arms - a white rose).
The reason for this war was the difficult economic situation in England after its defeat in the Hundred Years War (1453). This defeat deprived feudal lords to plunder the lands of France. The country was ruled by a group of several large feudal lords when feeble-minded King Henry VI Lancaster ( ) was at the throne. Causes of the war
Opposition was led by Richard Duke of York, firstly claiming regency for himself over incompetent king, and later - the English crown.
The name "War of Roses" was not used during the war. Roses were the distinctive badges of the two warring parties. If the white rose, symbolizing the Virgin, was used as a distinctive sign by the first Duke of York Edmund of Langley in the XIV century, the use of the Scarlet Rose by Lancastrian before the war is not known. Perhaps it was invented in contrast with the emblem of enemy. Names and symbols
Later having married the heiress Elizabeth of York, Henry VII united in his coat of arms the scarlet and the white rose and founded the ruling dynasty of the Tudors.
Richard, Duke of York, raised a rebellion against the relatives of the king governing the country from a family king of Lancaster. Royal forces were defeated in the battle, their leader and many barons were killed, the king was wounded. After Yorks victory most important government positions were given to their supporters. A young Earl of Warwick who was distinguished in the battle was one of them Major events
Hostilities between Lancaster and York restarted. After one of the battles Henry VI was captured, and Richard York announced that he intended to be the king. However, he was killed in the next battle, and the big part of his army was defeated.
Edward, son of the murdered Richard of York, and Earl of Warwick gathered a new army that defeated the Lancaster and came to London. Richard's son became King Edward IV York ( ). Henry VI was declared deposed and escaped (some time later he was captured and imprisoned.)
– a struggle broke out between the former allies - Edward IV and the Earl of Warwick, and finally this led to the war. Warwick won the battle, overthrew Edward IV and regained the throne of Henry VI. However Edward IV managed to gather a new army and fight with Warwick.
Lancastrian supporters were defeated - Warwick was killed in the battle. Henry VI was captured and died in captivity.
after the death of Edward IV his brother Richard made a revolution. A distant relative of Lancaster - Henry Tudor, who lived in France in exile came against him. The reign of Richard III of York ( ) was not long.
In 1485, he landed in England with his supporters. Richard III was defeated in the battle. The crown was put upon the head of Henry Tudor
The royal power was strengthened while Henry VII Tudors reigning: he forbade feudal to have military units; ordered to destruct the castles of unruly people; he gave lands and titles of dukes and counts, who died during the war, to his supporters. Knights and citizens also supported him, tired of the infighting. The outcome of the war
Intercommunity war, in my opinion, is the most brutal and bloody war, because in such wars usually close people, who once lived in one united country, believed in one God, fight. They fight for different ideals and do not always win the ideal that brings people to justice and happiness. We should decide our problems peacefully, without wars!!
Literature 1. Гриффитс Р., Томас Р. Становление династии Тюдоров г., 320 c. 2. Король Ричард III. Уильям Шекспир , 171c. 3. Норвич Д. История Англии и шекспировские короли. М.: Астрель, с. 4. Устинов В.Г. Войны Роз. Йорки против Ланкастеров. М.: Вече, с. 5. Устинов В. Г. Столетняя война и Войны Роз. М.: АСТ: Астрель, с. 6.http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Война_Алой_и_Белой _розы 7. Sciences/History/13087/13181/13202/13208/ http://knowledge.allbest.ru/history/2c0a65625a3bc78b 5c43b d37_0.html 9.http://www.hrono.ru/sobyt/1400sob/1455rozy.php