Geography The continent of Australia, with the island state of Tasmania, is approximately equal in area to the United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii). Mountain ranges run from north to south along the east coast, reaching their highest point in Mount Kosciusko (7,308 ft; 2,228 m). The western half of the continent is occupied by a desert plateau that rises into barren, rolling hills near the west coast. The Great Barrier Reef, extending about 1,245 mi (2,000 km), lies along the northeast coast. The island of Tasmania (26,178 sq mi; 67,800 sq km) is off the southeast coast.
History The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines, who migrated there at least 40,000 years ago from Southeast Asia. There may have been between a half million to a full million Aborigines at the time of European settlement; today about 350,000 live in Australia.
History Dutch, Portuguese, and Spanish ships sighted Australia in the 17th century; the Dutch landed at the Gulf of Carpentaria in In 1616 the territory became known as New Holland.
History In 1770, James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast of Australia, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain
James Cook Born 7 November 1728 Marton, Yorkshire, England Died 14 February 1779, Hawaii (aged 50) Occupation Explorer, navigator, cartographer Title Captain
Australian English The origin of Australian English The anglophone Australia and New Zealand are two of the youngest nations in the world. The first Europeans who took their residence in Australia came 205 years ago. They did not come because they wanted to. Australia was founded as a penal colony.
Here you will find words which have different meanings or are spelled differently in British and Australian English.
British - Australian English a good job a good lurk Absolutely! Reckon! accident prang afternoon arvo alcohol grog American Yank
British - Australian English banana nana beer amber (fluid) biscuit Bickie chicken chook chocolate chokkie Christmas Chrissie criminal bushranger
British - Australian English information oil it she it's fine she's apples tea kettle Billie teacher chalkie Well done! Good on ya!