Samuel Langhorne Clemens better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Twain is most noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, which has since been called the Great American Novel, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Upon his death he was lauded as the «greatest American humorist of his age», and William Faulkner called Twain «the father of American literature».
Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born in Florida, Missouri, on November 30, 1835, to a Tennessee country merchant, John Marshall Clemens, and Jane Lampton Clemens. Twain was the sixth of seven children. Only three of his siblings survived childhood. When Twain was four, his family moved to Hannibal, Missouri, a port town on the Mississippi River that served as the inspiration for the fictional town of St. Petersburg in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. In March 1847, when Twain was 11, his father died of pneumonia. The next year, he became a printers apprentice. In 1851, he began working as a typesetter and contributor of articles and humorous sketches for the Hannibal Journal, a newspaper owned by his brother Orion.
The library of the Mark Twain House, which features hand-stenciled paneling, fireplaces from India, embossed wallpapers and an enormous hand-carved mantel that the Twains purchased in Scotland.
Twain joined his brother, Orion, who in 1861 had been appointed secretary to James W.Nye. Twain and his brother traveled for more than two weeks on a stagecoach across the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains. These experiences provided material for The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County. Twain then moved to San Francisco, California, in 1864, where worked as a journalist. In 1867, a local newspaper funded a trip to the Mediterranean. During his tour of Europe and the Middle East, he wrote a popular collection of travel letters, which were later compiled as The Innocents Abroad in It was on this trip that he met his future brother-in-law.
Charles Langdon showed a picture of his sister, Olivia, to Twain; Twain claimed to have fallen in love at first sight. The two met in 1868, were engaged a year later, and married in February 1870 in Elmira, New York. The couple lived in Buffalo, New York from 1869 to Twain worked as an editor and writer. Their son Langdon died of diphtheria at 19 months. In 1871, Twain moved his family to Hartford, Connecticut. While living there Olivia gave birth to three daughters: Susy, Clara and Jean. The couples marriage lasted 34 years, until Olivias death in During his seventeen years in Hartford, Twain wrote many of his best-known works: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Prince and the Pauper, Life on the Mississippi, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Twain passed through a period of deep depression, which began in 1896 when his daughter Susy died of meningitis. Oxford University awarded Twain an honorary doctorate in letters in Twain died of a heart attack on April 21, 1910, in Redding, Connecticut. Twains funeral was at the Old Brick Presbyterian Church in New York. He is buried in his wifes family plot at Woodlawn Cemetery in Elmira, New York. His grave is marked by a 12-foot monument, placed there by his surviving daughter, Clara. There is also a smaller headstone.
Mark Twain in his gown for his DLitt degree, awarded to him by Oxford University.
The most famous Twains publication The Adventures of Tom Sawyer was drew on his youth in Hannibal. The character of Tom Sawyer was modeled on Twain as a child, with traces of two schoolmates, John Briggs and Will Bowen. The book also introduced in a supporting role the character of Huckleberry Finn, based on Twains boyhood friend Tom Blankenship. Twains next major published work was Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Some have called it the first Great American Novel, and the book has become required reading in many schools throughout the United States.
Ernest Hemingway once said of Huckleberry Finn: «If you read it, you must stop where the Nigger Jim is stolen from the boys. That is the real end. The rest is just cheating.»
Twain next focused on A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthurs Court. The book was started in December 1885, and finished in spring of His next large-scale work, Puddnhead Wilson, was written rapidly, as Twain was desperately trying to stave off the bankruptcy. Twain's next venture was a work of straight fiction that he called Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc and dedicated to his wife. Twain's last work was his autobiography.
Twain's legacy lives on today as his namesakes continue to multiply. Several schools are named after him, including Mark Twain Elementary School in Houston, Texas, which has a statue of Twain sitting on a bench, and Mark Twain Intermediate School in New York. Mark Twain Village is a United States Army installation located in the district of Heidelberg, Germany. There are also other structures, such as the Mark Twain Memorial Bridge. A statue of Mark Twain at Mark Twain Elementary School in the Braeswood Place neighborhood of Houston, Texas