The Kremlin was ordered to be built by Yuri Dolgorukiy in The Kremlin is located on the high left bank of the Moscow River - Borovitsky Hill.
3 The Kremlin initially serves to strengthen the village Krivichy. The first annalistic mention of Moscow dates back to 1147 year. In 1156, in what is now the Kremlin were built the first building with a total length of about 850 meters and an area of about 3 hectares. In 1339 the walls and towers were built out of wood.
4 During the restoration of the Kremlin walls and towers in the years and in the lower parts and the foundations were discovered white stone blocks used as backfill. It is possible that this is the remains of the white stone walls of the Kremlin time Dmitry Donskoy.
5 In 1367, the Grand Duke Dmitry Donskoy, the wooden walls of the Kremlin replaced the walls and towers of the local white stone (according to archeology stone towers and were the most important part of the wall, where the greatest danger was the assault). From this period in the annals of common name - "Moscow white stone." Alas, the strength of the material was insufficient and buildings began to decay.
6 In the second half of the XV century the Moscow Kremlin is reconstructed under the supervision of Italian architects, in particular, Pietro Antonio Solari. The basic material for the building was selected brick.
St. Basil's Cathedral was built in by order of Ivan the Terrible to commemorate the victory over Kazan and the Kazan Khanate. 7 St. Basil's Cathedral is located on the Red Square in Moscow.
8 There are several versions of the creators of the cathedral. According to one version, the architect was the famous master of Pskov Postnik Yakovlev, nicknamed Barma. On the other, a well-known version of Barma and Postnik - two different architect, both involved in building this version is now outdated. A third version, the cathedral was built by an unknown master of the Western European (presumably Italian, as in the past - much of the structures of the Moscow Kremlin), hence such a unique style that combines tradition as Russian architecture and European art of the Renaissance, but this version is did not find any clear documentation.
9 According to legend, the architects of the cathedral were blinded to the order of Ivan the Terrible, so they can not build more like a temple. However, if the author of the cathedral is Postnik, he could not be blinded, because within a few years after the construction of the cathedral was involved in the creation of the Kazan Kremlin. Currently, St. Basil's Cathedral - a branch of the State Historical Museum. Included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia. St. Basil's Cathedral - one of the most famous in Russia. For many it is a symbol of Moscow, the Russian Federation. Front of the cathedral in 1931 placed a bronze monument to Minin and Pozharsky (installed on Red Square in 1818).