The Study of the American Democracy in Today's World To elicit the contradictions between the main principles of a democratic system and their modern realization in the USA. With this goal in mind we identified the main tasks: 1. To study the concepts of democracy. 2. To outline all kinds of democracy. 3. To trace the history of the development of democracy in America. 4. To study the foundations of the democratic government of the USA. 5. To examine the current policies of the USA in regard of their compliance with democratic principles.
The Concepts of Democracy Direct or indirect (through elective representatives) governance of the country by people; The State, the country, the community, which has the democratic government; Governing of the majority; Perception and realization of the principle of equality of rights and freedom of citizens, as well as their opportunities.
Kinds of Democracy Indirect democracy Representative democracy Parliamentary democracy Liberal democracy Constitutional democracy Direct democracy Socialist democracy Anarchist democracy Sortition Interactive democracy
The History of the Development of Democracy in America 1607 – The first successful English colony (Jamestown) was founded in the present state of Virginia. July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence. The Treaty of Paris was signed in March 1789 The American representative (indirect) democratic system in the form of a constitutional republic was established in the Constitution of the United States. There are 27 amendments which have been added to the Constitution. The most important are: 13 – outlaws slavery 14 – guarantees all citizens equal protection of the laws 19 – gives women the right to vote (Ratified in August, 1920)
Foundations of Democracy. Benefits and Costs Authority Privacy Responsibility Justice
Liberalism and Capitalism in the policy of the USA
Poverty vs. wealth In the USA the number of poor people has increased by 6 million people during 2 past years The sizes of the biggest fortunes have reached record levels.
The War in Iraq – 200…? The US strategy of despotic relation to other countries Violation of human rights Imposing their idea of democracy The USA wants to take under control the worlds hydrocarbon ellipse.
Guantanamo Beating of prisoners by American soldiers