Reported Statements 1 present simple I want to go to bed early, he said. present continuous She is feeding the baby, he said. past simple He said (that) he wanted to go to bed early. past continuous He said (that) she was feeding the baby.
Reported Statements 2 present perfect I have bought a new dress, she said. past simple I finished work early, Alex said. future (will) I will talk to you tomorrow, she said. past perfect She said (that) she had bought a new dress. past perfect Alex said (that) he had finished work early. future-in-the-past (would) She said (that) she would talk to me the next day.
SimpleContinuous PerfectPerf. Cont. Pre- sent Past Futu re will … would… Future would… - in would… - the would… - Past
Переход выражений now today, tonight yesterday tomorrow this week last week next week two days ago here then that day, that night the day before the next day that week the week before the following week two days before there
Переход местоимений James said, My boss wants me to go to London tomorrow. James said his boss wanted him to go London the next day. Mary said, Im waiting for my son to come out of school. Mary said that she was waiting for her son to come out of school.
Reported Questions 1 (Yes/No?) ask - спрашивать inquire -спрашивать wonder - интересоваться want to know - хотеть знать Связкой служит слово if или whether - ли… (не путать с погодой ! - weather)
Связкой служит вопросительное слово: Вопросительный знак и слово please опускаются. Переход времён, местоимений и выражений производится так же, как и в утверждениях. Reported Questions 2 (Wh?) where whenwhy what whohow oldhow long
Reported Questions 3 Have you seen this man before? she asked me. She asked me if/whether I had seen the man before. Where do you live? she asked the boy. She wanted to know where the boy lived.
Commands. Orders. Requests. Be quiet! the commander said to the soldiers. The commander ordered the soldiers to be quiet. Dont call the police! the chief said to the staff. The chief told the staff not to call the police. Please visit me in hospital, Joan said to Colin. Joan asked Colin to visit her in hospital.