Косвенная речь служит для передачи чужой речи Личные и указательные местоимения заменяются в косвенной речи по смыслу, как и в русском языке. Если глагол, вводящий косвенную речь, стоит в настоящем времени, то форма глагола в косвенной речи не изменяется
Direct Speech 1. He says, I am well today. 2. She says, I like it here 3. She says, My friend was travelling a lot. 4. He says, I played football yesterday. Indirect Speech 1. He says that he is well today. 2. She says she likes it there. 3. She says her friend was travelling a lot. 4. He says that he played football yesterday.
Если глагол, вводящий косвенную речь, стоит в прошедшем времени, то происходят следующие изменения: 1. Present Simple Past Simple 2. Present Progressive Past Progressive 3. Present Perfect Past Perfect 4. Present Perfect Past Perfect Progressive Progressive 5. Past Simple Past Perfect 6. Past Progressive Past Perfect Progress 7. Past Perfect Past Perfect 8. Future Simple Future –in the- Past
Direct Speech 1. He said, I get up at 7 oclock. 2. He said, Im reading a book. 3. He said, I have just come. 4. He said, I have been waiting for you since 10 oclock. Indirect Speech 1.He said that he got up at 7 oclock. 2. He said that he was reading a book. 3.He said he had come. 4. He said that he had been waiting for me since 10 oclock.
Direct Speech 1. today 2. yesterday 3. tomorrow 4. two days ago 5. last week 6. next month Indirect speech 1. that day 2. the day before 3. the following day 4. two days before 5. the week before 6. the following month
Direct Speech Indirect speech 5. He said, I played football yesterday 6. He said, I was playing football yesterday from 3 up to 4 oclock. 7. He said, We had finished our work by 4 oclock. 8. He said, We will finish our work in the evening 5. He said that he had played football the day before. 6. He said he had been playing football the day before from 3 up to 4 oclock. 7. He said that they had finished their work by 4 oclock. 8. He said that they would finish their work in the evening.
Exercise 1. Change direct speech into Indirect: 1. Tom says, I want to go to London next week 2. Helen says, I can play tennis. 3. My mother says, Tomorrow we will go to the country 4. They say, We are good at English 5. Marat says, We watched a new film yesterday 6. Aigul answers, I am standing at the window 7. She says, My friend was having a great time in New York
Exercise 2 Change direct speech into indirect: 1. Charles said, Ann has bought a new car. 2. I thought, He is going to give up smoking 3. She promised, I will do my homework 4. Ann said, I was playing the piano the whole day
Exercise 2 Change direct speech into indirect: 5. Nick said, I saw Jimmy at a party last week. 6. Bolat said, I went to Astana last week 7. Masha said, They learned the poem yesterday 8. Our parents said, You have never been to London. Lets go there