PRESENT SIMPLE – PAST SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE – PAST PERFECT FUTURE SIMPLE – FUTURE IN THE PAST PRESENT PROGRESSIVE – PAST PROGRESSIVE PRESENT PERFECT – PAST PERFECT
ДЛЯ ПЕРЕДАЧИ ПОВЕСТВОВАТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ В КОСВЕННОЙ РЕЧИ НЕОБХОДИМО : 1. С ОБЛЮДАТЬ П РАВИЛО С ОГЛАСОВАНИЯ В РЕМЕН 2. З АМЕНЯТЬ Л ИЧНЫЕ М ЕСТОИМЕНИЯ П О С МЫСЛУ 3. И СПОЛЬЗОВАТЬ Г ЛАГОЛЫ TO SAY, TO TELL (HE SAID, HE TOLD THAT…) 4. З АМЕНЯТЬ Н АРЕЧИЯ ( места и в ремени д ействия.) П О СМЫСЛУ : HERE – THERE THIS - THAT NOW – THEN TODAY – THAT DAY YESTERDAY – THE DAY BEFORE TOMORROW – THE NEXT DAY
DIRECT SPEECH DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE S + V/ Vs S + DONT/ DOESN/T + V PAST SIMPLE S + Ved / V 2 S + DIDNT + V PAST SIMPLE S + Ved / V 2 S + DIDNT + V PAST PERFECT S + HAD + V ed/3 S + HADNT + V ed/3 FUTURE SIMPLE S + SHALL/ WILL + V S + SHANT/ WONT + V FUTURE IN THE PAST S + SHOULD/ WOULD + V PRESENT PERFECT S + HAS/HAVE + Ved/ V 3 PAST PERFECT S + HAD + V ed/3 S + HADNT + V ed/3 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE S + AM/ IS/ ARE + Ving PAST PROGRESSIVE S + WAS/ WERE + Ving
DIRECT SPEECH DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE I study English at school We dont like to read books PAST SIMPLE He said that he studied English. They said they didnt like books PAST SIMPLE My parents lived here two years ago years ago PAST PERFECT She said her parents had lived there two years before. FUTURE SIMPLE We will tell you about it tomorrow FUTURE IN THE PAST They told that they would tell Her about it the next day. PRESENT PERFECT I have never been in Paris PAST PERFECT He said he had never been in Paris. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE He is watching TV now PAST PROGRESSIVE She said that he was watching TV then.
ПРИ ПЕРЕДАЧЕ ПОВЕЛИТЕЛЬНОГО ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ В КОСВЕННОЙ РЕЧИ ГЛАГОЛ TO SAY ЗАМЕНЯЕТСЯ ГЛАГОЛАМИ: TO ASK, TO TELL, TO ORDER. КОСВЕННАЯ ПРОСЬБА И ПРИКАЗ ВЫРАЖАЮТСЯ ИНФИНИТИВОМ ПОСЛЕ СУЩЕСТВИТЕЛЬНОГО В ОБЩЕМ ПАДЕЖЕ ИЛИ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ В ОБЪЕКТНОМ ПАДЕЖЕ. DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH Go home!, said the teacher to us The teacher told us to go home (to V) Dont make noise! said my granny. My granny asked me Not to make noise. (not to V)
1.ПРЯМОЙ ПОРЯДОК СЛОВ 2.СЛОВА АВТОРА ВВОДЯТСЯ СЛОВАМИ IF, WHETHER 3.СХЕМА ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ: IF + S + v + V 4.ДЛЯ ПЕРЕДАЧИ КОСВЕННЫХ ВОПРОСОВ ИСПОЛЬЗУЮТСЯ ГЛАГОЛЫ: ASKED, WANTED TO KNOW, WONDERED. СЛОВА АВТОРА ВВОДЯТСЯ ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНЫМИ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯМИ
DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE DO/DOES+S+V? (HE) ASKED IF IF PAST SIMPLE S+ Ved/V2 PAST SIMPLE DID+S+V? (HE) ASKED IF IF PAST PERFECT S+HAD+Ved/V3 FUTURE SIMPLE WILL/SHALL+ S+V? WILL/SHALL+ S+V? (HE) ASKED IF IF FUTURE IN THE PAST S+ WOULD/SHOULD+ V PRESENT PERFECT HAVE/HAS+S+Ved/V3 (HE) ASKED IF IF PAST PERFECT S+HAD+Ved/V3 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE AM/IS/ARE+S+Ving? (HE) ASKED IF IF PAST PROGRESSIVE S+WAS/WERE+Ving
DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH PRESENT SIMPLE Do you like jam? (HE) ASKED IF IF PAST SIMPLE I liked jam PAST SIMPLE Did your sister go to school yesterday? school yesterday? (HE) ASKED IF IF PAST PERFECT My sister had gone to school the day before? FUTURE SIMPLE Will they visit their friends tomorrow? Will they visit their friends tomorrow? (HE) ASKED IF IF FUTURE IN THE PAST They would visit their Friends the next day PRESENT PERFECT Have you finished your Homework? (HE) ASKED IF IF PAST PERFECT She had finished her homework PRESENT PROGRESSIVE Are you listening to Music now? (HE) ASKED IF IF PAST PROGRESSIVE We were listening music then
1.He said, Do you like shopping? 2. Mother said to her son, Have you invited anybody to dinner? 3. He asked me, Will you go to the disco tomorrow? 4. Ann said, Jane, where are you going for the weekend? 5. I said to my friend, How long did you stay in Moscow? 6. Mike said to me, Where can I see you next time? 7. He said me, What will you do after school? He asked if I liked shopping Mother asked her son if he had invited … He asked me if I would go to the disco the next day Ann asked Jane where she was going for the weekend. I asked my friend how long he had stayed in Moscow. Mike asked me where he could see me the following time. He asked me what I would do after school.
1.I said to Boris, Does your friend live in London? 2. Sit down and do your homework, said Toms mother to him. 3. My uncle said, We shall visit you next week. 4. Where are your books, boys? said the teacher. 5. Dont cross the street under the red light, said the man to Nick. 6. Mother said to me, Did you play with your friends yesterday? 7. I am shivering with cold, said the girl. I asked Boris if his friend lived in London. Toms mother told him to sit down and do his homework. My uncle said they would visit us the following week. The teacher asked boys where their books were. The man told Nick not to cross the street…. Mother asked me if I had played… with my... The girl said that she was shivering with cold. ? ! + ? ! ? +