The city was founded in 1108 as a fortress by Vladimir Monomakh. In XII-XIV centuries it served as the centre of cultural and religious life as well as the civic centre of the North-Eastern Russia. Vladimir hosted the all-Russian gatherings of Princes.
Its History 1169 Vladimir replaced Kiev as the Grand Principality of Russia Vladimir falls under siege of the Mongols who destroyed most of the city and killed most of its inhabitants. Vladimir crumbled once again under the Tartars in The city recovered each time, though its realm disintegrated into small princedoms with Moscow increasingly dominant Vladimir Central Prison is built on the eastern side of Vladimir The American Home is officially established and dedicated in Vladimir.
The Coat of Arms The oldest known coat of arms in Russia belongs to Vladimir. The image of the lion as the emblem of Yuri Dolgoruky goes back to the 12th century. The head of the lion is crowned and there is a cross in its paws.
Nowadays The population of Vladimir is about 360,000 people. It is still has administrative, industrial and cultural significance. Vladimir is 178 km north- east from Moscow, on high left bank of the river Klyazma. The area is 60 square kilometers. Nowadays Vladimir is the center of the Vladimir area. It is an University city; there are drama and doll theatres, a philharmonic society.
Main Attractions The Uspenski (Assumption) Cathedral is a world famous monument of religious architecture. The Cathedral was first built in under Grand Prince Andrey Bogolubsky on the high bank of the river Klyazma in the town centre. The Dmitrievski Cathedral was built in 1194 – The Cathedral walls are richly covered with sculptural decorations.
Main Attractions The Zolotye Vorota (Golden Gates) is a unique monument. It is a white-stone construction of built under Vladimir Grand Prince Andrey Bogolubsky as the main defense and ceremonial entryway tower of the restored by him fortress. Nothing remained of the other four outside fortress gates, only the Golden Gates did.