Презентация на тему: " G ERUND OR I NFINITIVE ? How to choose the right one...." — Транскрипт:
G ERUND OR I NFINITIVE ? How to choose the right one....
W E SELECT THE – ING FROM.... As a SUBJECT when we express a general idea (Subject of the sentence in most cases): Paying attention is essential in class After any preposition : I am looking forward to hearing from you After certain verbal expressions ( cant stand, cant help, be/get used to, dont mind/would mind, its no use ): I cant help getting angry when pupils speak in class As Direct Object of a list of verbs ( continue, enjoy, like, love, prefer, suggest, recommend, etc...): I prefer going to the beach
L IST OF VERBS FOLLOWED BY – ING FORM Verbal expressions Be / get used to (estar acostumbrado / acostumbrarse Cant help (no poder evitar) Cant stand (no soportar) Dont mind / wouldnt mind (no importar) Feel like (tener ganas) Its no use (es inútil, no hay manera) Look forward to (tener ganas de) Spend the (time) (pasar el tiempo) She is not used to driving on the left She got used to eating English breakfasts He cant help thinking that Im better than him They cant stand listening to politicians on TV. I dont mind doing homework. I feel like going to the concert tonight- Its not use visiting them because they are never at home. Im looking forward to hearing from you soon. She spends (the) time playing computer games.
List of verbs followed by –ing form As Direct Object Continue Dislike Enjoy Finish Hate Like Love Miss Prefer Recommend Suggest He continues doing sports every day. They dislike eating snails. I enjoy going out with my friends She finished doing her homework very late. We hate losing our matches. He likes running marathons. I love cooking cakes. You miss playing with your computer. They prefer playing cards than football. I recommend watching that movie He suggests going to the cinema
W E SELECT I NFINITIVE.... To form the subject of a verb that refers to something specific : To answer this question is essential After some adjectives and/or adverbs: I am happy to announce my daughters wedding The wall was too high to jump for young children After the Indirect Object of certain verbs (advise, invite, warn, teach,...): The Headmaster warned the student not to do that again Verbs of perception(hear, feel,see...) ; LET; MAKE INF sin TO: I heard him enter the house; Let me explain; She made me do it.
L IST OF VERBS FOLLOWED BY I NFINITIVE Verbs Followed by an Infinitive She agreed to speak before the game. agree appear be able begin choose decide expect forget happen hope learn manage plan promise refuse seem want wish I agreed to come home. He began to work very hard, after the boss spoke to him. They hope to finish on time. She wants to watch that movie
V ERBS FOLLOWED BY O BJECT AND AN I NFINITIVE : Verbs Followed by an Object and an Infinitive Everyone expected her to win. advise invite persuade teach tell warm She advised me to do my homework. They invited them to go to the party. I persuaded him to work really hard. We taught them to cycle faster. You told them to close the door. She warm me not to do it.
V ERBS THAT CAN BE FOLLOWED BY BOTH INFINITIVE OR -ING No change in meaning: begin, propose, forbid, intend, start.. With a difference meaning: REMEMBER, FORGET, REGRET, STOP, TRY... REMEMBER/FORGET/REGRET: + INFINITIVE Future + -ing Past Examples: I remember attending to dance classes when I was a child Remember to revise the questions before handing out the exam My grandmother forgot to lock the door when she left the house I repeated the activity because I forgot doing it last week
V ERBS THAT CAN BE FOLLOWED BY BOTH INFINITIVE OR -ING STOP: + ING NO (dont do that anymore) + INFINITIVE YES (do it, indeed) Examples: You have to stop writing at 10 oclock. After five hours of hard work we stopped to have a rest TRY: +ING experiment + INFINITIVE make the effort Examples: I was trying to open the door but I couldnt. Why dont you try using this key?